A relatively new product in the construction industry, rice husk-based materials are rapidly becoming a viable replacement to hardwoods for outdoor flooring, cladding, and fencing. Aside from the environmental benefits of saving forests by reusing rice husks (a waste product difficult to dispose of), rice husk has unique properties that make it more stable and resilient than hardwoods.
Concrete pavements are known for their strength, durability, and longevity. In the past, they have also been associated with a high initial price. However, in a number of lifecycle cost studies, concrete pavements prevail due to the significantly lower maintenance and rehabilitation needs.
Annex D of Canadian Standards Association (CSA) A23.3-04, Design of Concrete Structures, introduces a new and comprehensive limit states design (LSD) procedure for determining factored tension and shear resistance of both cast-in-place (CIP) anchors and pre-qualified post-installed mechanical anchors installed in cracked and uncracked concrete.
In the eternal struggle between building cost and quality, studcast systems can be potent tools. The thin-panel system provides benefits of architectural precast concrete, but reduces weight by more than 50 per cent.