Thermal bridges occur all over a building in transitions, terminations, and penetrations. Foundation to wall transitions, balcony projections, window and door openings, and roof parapets can all serve as thermal bridges. However, while identifying areas where thermal bridging can occur is a relatively straightforward process; some areas were harder to solve until recently, as they involved junctions where masonry loads are applied to the foundation below.
The attic is one of the most neglected and overlooked spaces in a home. Many houses have ‘vented’ attics with intake vents under the eaves to allow the cool air to break free, and exhaust vents at the peak of the roof to prevent overheating and condensation by allowing hot air and moisture to escape.
Today’s high-performance building market is driven by increasingly stringent energy codes and a growing demand for greater building efficiency, sustainability, and affordability. This means specifying and building masonry cavity walls and adhered masonry walls with materials working together as a functioning system is more critical than ever. When designing a highly functional masonry wall, the list of wall system performance criteria an architect must consider is daunting.
Ahead of its 60th anniversary, Toronto Montessori School unveils a new Bayview campus lobby and atrium, designed to encapsulate nature using wood structural elements and natural light to welcome students, teachers, staff, and parents.
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