Designed by Zaha Hadid Architects, the Xi’an International Football Centre, China, will be a 60,000-seat stadium for national and international matches as well as domestic league games, youth training academies, entertainment performances, and cultural events.
The centre will be located in Xi’an’s Fengdong New District that is connected to the city’s expanding metro network.
With a population of nine million people and two professional football clubs, Xi’an will be a host city of the 2023 Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Asian Cup. Taking its legacy mode of operations as the starting point, the stadium has been designed to provide optimum conditions for football and maximize its use by generations after the 2023 tournament.
Integrated within the orthogonal urban grid of Fengdong’s business district, the stadium’s open façades invite the city into the heart of the building to its public spaces, recreation, and dining facilities. Located in a series of shaded south-facing garden terraces with views over the city to Qing Mountain, these amenities will also serve spectators visiting the stadium during football matches, cultural events, and performances.
The sweeping lines of the façade protect the stadium from northerly winds and convey the fluid forms of the roof that shelters the saddle-shaped seating bowl that maximizes the spectator seating provided at midfield.
The design employs an ultra-lightweight long span cable-net roof structure, resulting in a minimum load and material footprint that in turn reduces the stadium’s primary structure. Wide perimeter roof overhangs shelter facilities within the building’s envelope while the large, shaded, open-air terraces and public concourses incorporates extensive planting on all levels, providing comfortable conditions in Xi’an’s hot continental summer climate.
Supported by the tensioned cable-net structure, a translucent membrane over the seating protects spectators from inclement weather and direct sunlight while also allowing the most amount of natural light to reach the playing surface, promoting grass growth on the pitch to provide optimal playing conditions.
Digital modelling has defined the geometry of the spectators’ seating bowl to optimize proximity and views to the field of play from all 60,000 seats, generating an exciting atmosphere for football and ensuring an outstanding match experience for players and spectators.