FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022 stadiums are modern architectural monuments not just for Qatar but the world. Globally recognized architects, engineers and construction firms provided their services for the eight stadiums, seven new and one renovation.
While exact figures are not known for the costs of building and readying these stadiums, touted by Bloomberg as “the most expensive World Cup ever”, the estimated cost for the event comes up to be $300 billion.
Here is how the stadiums stack up from a design and architecture perspective.
Education City Stadium
Designed by the firm BDP Pattern, Education City Stadium will host the Quarter Finals of the World Cup in Doha, Qatar, located at the heart of Qatar Foundation’s Education City campus, home to eight branch campuses of some of the world’s most prestigious universities.
The façade of the Stadium is conceived as a shimmering diamond nestled on a vibrant landscaped podium. The faceted nature of the metallic fabric façade has a strong geometric tessellation consisting of diamonds and triangles, which means each panel will reflect different qualities of light during the day, sparkle with different hues, and mirror different aspects of the surrounding site.
The project has been awarded five stars under the Global Sustainability Assessment System (GSAS)—at least 55 per cent of the materials used in the project come from sustainable sources and 28 per cent of construction materials have recycled contents.
Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium
Another stadium designed by BDP Pattern, Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium is in the city of Al Rayyan, which is known in Qatar as the ‘gateway to the desert’ and for its strong connection to the country’s traditional culture and heritage.
The conceptual theme for the site is the desert. This translates into a visual concept of a caravan or journey in the desert landscape, configured using geometry dominated by the circle.
A key feature of the stadium is its elegant, ornate façade: a contemporary interpretation of traditional Naquish specific to Qatari culture, showcasing how patterns are powerful symbols embedded in local culture, but carrying a universal appeal. The stadium’s distinctive façade was created using cutting-edge parametric design, also allowing it to play an important role in cooling the building.
Al Thumama Stadium
The Spanish architecture and design firm Fenwick Iribarren together with Arab Engineering Bureau (AEB Qatar), Schlaich Bergermann Partners, and Hilson Moran were commissioned to design a stadium for group, knockout and quarter-final matches during the tournament. The stadium´s capacity will be reduced to 20,000 following the World Cup by dismantling the upper tier. The Al Thumama Stadium’s lace-like facade is inspired by the Ghafiyah, a typical Qatari headpiece worn by men across the region.
Fenwick Iribarren together with Schlaich Bergermann Partner and Hilson Moran were commissioned to design Ras Abu Aboud Stadium, the first ever demountable, transportable and reusable stadium in the world. The stadium has a capacity of 40,000 seats and its structure is based on shipping containers, which can be easily assembled or disassembled as required
Following the World cup, the stadium can be dismantled by section or in parts and be transported to other host cities for the next World Cup, helping make it more sustainable and financially viable for other countries.